Surplus staffing support for a reduction in staffing entitlement
This page outlines the requirements for schools to receive surplus staffing support.
|Level of compliance
Schools should be aware we can support them with covering the surplus staffing costs if they have a reduction in staffing entitlement and need to disestablish permanent teaching positions.
- About surplus staffing support
- Identify whether you have a staffing entitlement reduction
- Decide if you have to reduce teaching positions
- Manage a staffing entitlement reduction
- Determining whether your school is eligible for Ministry support
- Paperwork for applying for surplus staffing support
If you disestablish a permanent teaching position, you may incur one of these costs:
- the teacher’s salary
- a long service/severance payment.
Through surplus staffing support, we may cover these costs. The costs may be incurred by your requirements under the teacher’s employment agreement.
Read about your employer obligations under relevant collective agreements and a summary of the surplus staffing clauses.
If we approve a surplus staffing application, it will add the following, as necessary, to the school’s staffing entitlement:
- full-time teacher equivalents (FTTEs)
- middle management allowance (MMA)
- senior management allowance (SMA).
Follow these steps (explained below) if we've notified you that it's likely you will have a staffing entitlement reduction.
- Identify whether you have a staffing entitlement reduction.
- Decide if you have to reduce teaching positions – to decide whether to disestablish positions, contact the New Zealand School Trustees Association (NZSTA) for advice.
- Manage a staffing entitlement reduction.
- Determine whether your school is eligible for Ministry support – the conditions required before you apply for surplus staffing support.
- Complete the paperwork for surplus staffing support – the form and attachments you’ll need for your application.
- Read the timeline for processing surplus staffing support applications – the September to January timeline for processing.
Provisional staffing entitlement notices are posted to all school boards in September of every year. These notices tell you the minimum level of staffing for the following year.
Calculating your staffing entitlement reduction
The Ministry will consider supporting boards with the reduction in staffing entitlement that is shown in the top row – the staffing entitlement row (and not the ‘total’ row).
|Here is the calculation:
|2014 staffing entitlement
|2015 provisional staffing entitlement
|reduction in staffing entitlement
The school board faces a reduction of 5.8 full-time teachers, 7 units and 4 MMAs (middle management allowances).
Before you apply for surplus staffing support, check whether you need to reduce teaching positions.
If your provisional staffing entitlement is lower than your current staffing entitlement, contact the NZSTA. They will help to:
- decide whether to reduce the number of teachers
- run the process to identify which positions to disestablish
- ensure that you have met all your obligations as an employer.
You do not need to be an NZSTA member. The Ministry contracts NZSTA to provide industrial advice to all boards.
Contact a NZSTA industrial advisor through the website.
Phone the helpdesk: 0800 STAHELP (0800 782 435)
The Ministry can't advise boards or teachers on employment issues
The Education and Training Act 2020 requires boards, as self-governing entities, to act independently in their employment decisions on individual employees. The Ministry and others cannot try to influence decisions.
The Ministry can, however, advise on the surplus staffing process.
Advice for teachers
Teachers affected by a reduction in staffing entitlement should direct all employment enquiries to their board, usually via the school principal.
They may also wish to contact their union (if they’re a member) or an independent employment advisory service.
You may not need to disestablish teaching positions
Boards with a reduction in staffing entitlement do not always have to disestablish permanent positions. The board may be able to keep all permanent staff if:
- they can reduce teaching positions by attrition
- the number of permanent teachers is the same as, or lower than, the new staffing entitlement
- they can use other resources, such as banking staffing or operational funding.
Maintaining the curriculum
Sometimes a board of a secondary or area school cannot maintain a curriculum area because of a reduction in staffing entitlement. The programme maintenance allowance may be available to boards in this situation.
Your situation must meet all these conditions to be eligible for surplus staffing support.
- Condition 1: You're disestablishing at least 1 full-time teacher equivalent (FTTE)
- Condition 2: You've made sound employment decisions
- Condition 3: You and the teacher agree about their future options
Condition 1: You have a reduction in your staffing entitlement of at least 1.0 FTTE
Calculating the surplus staffing support available for disestablished teaching positions
The Ministry looks at both the reduction in staffing entitlement and the number of permanent teachers (FTTE) employed by the board.
To receive surplus staffing support, you must disestablish at least 1 full-time equivalent teacher.
The maximum amount of Ministry support is the lower of:
- the whole number part of the reduction, and
- the permanent positions over entitlement.
Disestablishing full-time and part-time teaching positions
You can apply for support to disestablish teaching positions, up to the FTTE amount your entitlement staffing has decreased by. This support is intended for part-time and full-time teachers’ positions.
When entitlement staffing reductions are less than 1.0 FTTE, boards usually manage their staffing without additional support. We may consider applications when disestablishing a full-time position to cover a reduction of less than 1.0 FTTE is unavoidable.
All application are considered on a case by case basis.
Disestablishing units, MMAs and SMAs
If the Ministry approves support for a disestablished position, we will also fund any units, middle management allowances (MMAs) and senior management allowances (SMAs) associated with that position.
Otherwise, we can only support the disestablishment of units, MMAs and SMAs up to the level of the reduction shown on the provisional staffing entitlement notice.
Condition 2: Sound employment decisions
The Ministry will consider whether the board has made prudent employment decisions during the year.
If the board was ‘supported’ through the year, it must have requested permission from the Ministry before making permanent appointments. That is, A board is ‘supported’ if its provisional staffing entitlement for the current year is 1.00 FTTE higher than the staffing entitlement generated by its 1 March roll.
The Ministry also considers whether the board conducted an ‘environmental scan’ before making any appointments. This is an assessment of all the factors that might affect a school’s roll for the current and next year.
If the board has appointed a permanent teacher at a time when it would have been aware that a reduction in staffing was likely, then the board may be liable for any surplus staffing costs arising from the appointment decision.
Condition 3: Teacher agreement and future options
The Ministry will support boards where there is evidence that the board and the teacher agree about the teacher’s choice of future options.
You must attach the following documents to your application to demonstrate that the board has acted as a good employer:
1. Board meeting minutes detailing decisions about positions to be disestablished.
2. A letter to the teacher telling them their position will be disestablished.
3. A letter or email from the teacher to the board stating their chosen option:
- supernumerary at the school for their surplus staffing period
- supernumerary at another school for the surplus staffing period
- further study in the field of education
- long service pay, if conditions are met
- severance pay, if conditions are met.
Send the Ministry these forms and attachments between mid-November and early December, ideally as soon as possible.
Typically we'll be in touch with the final outcome within 4 weeks.
Complete the form
Download and complete the surplus staffing support form.
Provide details of all support you're requesting from the Ministry for all disestablished positions. This includes full-time teacher equivalents, units, middle management allowances (MMAs) and senior management allowances (SMAs).
Include school board meeting minutes.
Also include paperwork listed below and all correspondence between the board and the teacher about the teacher’s choice of future options.
- Supernumerary at your school.
- Supernumerary at another school.
- Retraining (further study in the field of education).
- Severance payment.
- Long service payment.
- Units, middle management allowance, and senior management allowance.
A supernumerary teacher remains at their current school for the surplus staffing period. You don’t need to attach any additional documents.
A supernumerary teacher may decide to move to another school for the surplus staffing period. The teacher and both boards must agree to the arrangement.
Include with the application:
- a written agreement between the teacher’s current employing board and their new board
- a letter from the teacher to their current board, stating that they agree to the arrangement.
Include paperwork showing the course:
- is equivalent to tertiary level — at least New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) level 7. In the case of te reo Māori or Pacific languages we will consider courses at NZQA level 4 and above in recognition of Government strategies to support the retention, revitalisation and longevity of our languages
- is provided by a NZQA accredited provider
- is full-time
- enhances or upgrades teaching skills; the course must focus on classroom practice and/or school management.
You must meet all the requirements in the collective agreement.
Your application should demonstrate the following.
- If the teacher is covered by the Primary Teachers’ Collective Agreement or the primary teacher’s individual employment agreement, the Ministry has to agree that the school board and the teacher have explored other options (supernumerary, redeployment and retraining) and none is appropriate.
- If the teacher is covered by the Area and Secondary Teachers’ Collective Agreement or the area or secondary teacher’s individual employment agreement, you need to confirm that the teacher did not volunteer to have their position disestablished.
For teachers covered by the Primary Teachers’ Collective Agreement or the primary teacher’s individual employment agreement:
- the Ministry has to agree that the school board and the teacher have explored all other options (supernumerary, redeployment and retraining) and none is appropriate
- the Ministry needs to see confirmation of 25 years of service – this is available from the Novopay Service Centre.
For teachers covered by the Area and Secondary Teachers’ Collective Agreement or the area or secondary teacher’s individual employment agreement:
- include confirmation of 25 years of service from Education Payroll with your application.
Attach these documents to your application.
- Board meeting minutes detailing decisions about which units, MMAs and/or SMAs are being disestablished.
- A letter to the teacher telling them that their units, MMA and/or SMA will be disestablished.
The process for surplus staffing support runs from mid-September to the end of January.
Schools receive provisional staffing entitlement notices.
Mid-September to the end of November
Boards determine whether they need to disestablish permanent positions and identify positions to be disestablished.
To do this, NZSTA helps boards with a needs analysis, called a CAPNA. Boards notify teachers whose positions are being disestablished.
End of November
Boards of secondary and composite schools must notify staff whose positions are to be disestablished 2 months prior to the start of the year, as defined in the relevant collective agreements.
Mid-November to early December
Boards apply for surplus staffing support. Apply as soon as possible.
The Ministry can 'approve in principle' applications where the identified teacher has not yet selected their surplus staffing option.
If approved, boards need to ensure teachers are correctly coded on their payroll for pay out.
The board, as the employer, pays the teacher using the school payroll according to their employment agreement. This applies whether or not the Ministry has approved, declined or is considering a surplus staffing application.
If the teacher is redeployed to another school, the board there is responsible for ensuring the teacher is paid through the school payroll.
For payroll information, visit the Education Payroll website.
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