Justified and unjustified restraint

Responding to ākonga distress without restraint

Conditions to be met

Staff can use restraint as a last resort when all three of the following conditions are met: 

  1. The restraint is necessary to prevent imminent harm (including significant emotional distress) to the ākonga or another person. 
  2. You reasonably believe there is no other option available in the circumstances for preventing the harm.
  3. The restraint is reasonable and proportionate in the circumstances. 

If staff use restraint without the three conditions being present, that restraint is unjustified. 

Questions to ask to confirm the restraint is justified


Is there an immediate threat to someone’s health, safety or wellbeing?

Only option?

Is there another way?


Is the force and duration necessary in this situation? 

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