The Physical Disability Service
Learn about the Physical Disability Service, which works with teachers and schools to help them to adapt the environment around a student to meet the students’ needs.
|Level of compliance||Main audience||Other|
If a student has a physical disability, The Physical Disability Service can be accessed to support them at school. Find out how to apply and who is eligible.
- Who the support is for
- What the Physical Disability Service does not cover
- How to apply
- What happens next
- Other support if your student isn’t accepted for the service
- How long the support continues
- Further information
Students can receive this service if they have a physical disability that prevents them from participating and learning. Students might have difficulties with mobility and/or hand movement. They might have specialised equipment to help them walk, write and perform tasks requiring fine-motor skills. Their physical disability is the primary reason why they need extra support.
To get support, a student is likely to have a problem with:
- moving safely around the classroom and the school
- using playground equipment
- taking part in learning activities, particularly physical ones
- using pencils, pens and other tools (including technology) and materials, especially if their disability causes problems with their handwriting
- managing basic tasks, such as changing their clothes when they go swimming, dealing with their clothes when they go to the toilet and eating their lunch or morning tea.
Children with a severe physical disability
Note: You can't get support from both the Physical Disability Service and the Ongoing Resourcing Scheme.
Services and support in Māori medium education
Children and young people with learning support needs in Māori medium early learning centres and schools are eligible for the same level of specialist services and support from the Ministry that they would receive in English-medium education.
- support for students who are under six and are not at school. In this case students might be able to get occupational and/or physiotherapy services through the health service
- support for students already getting help through the Ongoing Resourcing Scheme (ORS)
- funding for a teacher’s aide or ‘consumables’ (small equipment items)
- speech-language therapy. Support might be available through the local Ministry Learning Support.
Before applying for the Physical Disability Service, talk to your local Ministry office or a Specialist Service Provider about your student's circumstances.
If your student’s disability is the result of an accident they might be able to get support from the Physical Disability Service if they’re not already getting occupational therapy or physiotherapy through the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC). ACC and the Ministry of Education might work together to provide support.
Your school can apply in consultation with the student’s parent/s. Your school will usually have someone who works with parent/s, such as a Learning Support Coordinator or a Special Education Needs Coordinator (SENCO).
Applying for service in Canterbury
Complete the Learning Support Request for Support form [PDF, 253 KB] and send the application to the local Learning Support team
|Applying for support from the service from everywhere else||Complete the Physical Disability Service Application Form [DOCX, 94 KB] AND|
Your location is listed below:
|Send to a Specialist Service Provider (SSP)|
|Your location is not listed||Send to the local Learning Support team|
The Physical Disability Service has physiotherapists and occupational therapists who work with teachers and children.
A therapist from the Physical Disability Service will arrange to visit your school to see your student and to meet their teacher and the parent/s and assess the student’s needs. They'll talk with everyone involved, including the child, the family and the teachers and carry out a thorough assessment based on the information provided in the application and on information provided by you and the family/whānau.
The therapist might also discuss possible changes to school buildings to enable students to move around freely, such as the library or classrooms. For example, doorways might need to be widened or ramps and handrails built. This could also mean training people to make sure the child is included in all class activities.
They will negotiate a Service Agreement that identifies goals and priorities for intervention, any resources needed, timeframes and the responsibilities of those involved.
Individual Education Plans (IEPs)
All students receiving the Physical Disability Service will have an IEP.
Your school will work together with the family/whānau and the therapy service provider to develop, implement and monitor your student’s IEP.
You can view the IEP Guidelines(external link) here as well as examples of several students with different needs and what their IEPs look like.
The work of education and health specialists often overlaps. Your student might be able to receive support from both services as they have a different focus. Therapists will work together to meet your student’s needs.
The Physical Disability Service and teacher’s aide support
The Physical Disability Service does not provide teacher’s aide support. However, when your school applies for this service you agree to support the programme the therapist/s suggests. This might see your school using its Special Education Grant to pay for teacher’s aide support if this is considered appropriate.
You can consider other options through your school, such as your Special Education Grant that you can use to support children with learning support needs. You can spend this in a variety of ways, including on resources, teacher training and teacher’s aide time, and on individual students or groups of students.
You might also make a referral to Resource Teachers: Learning and Behaviour (RTLB) who are employed by groups of schools. RTLB are trained teachers who work with children experiencing learning or behaviour difficulties. They can work with teachers, giving them special training, or they can work with individual children or groups of children.
Your student will be given support from the Physical Disability Service for an agreed period of time. This will have been negotiated with the parent/s and the school and recorded in the Service Agreement.
The therapist will review your student’s progress and will discuss this with you and their parent/s to decide if their support needs to continue.
In the future, your school can re-apply for support if the parent/s and teachers feel your student needs further support or if their situation changes, for example, if they move classes or schools, or if they have a significant physical change.
When re-applying you will only need to provide information about what has changed or is new since the last application.
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