Common Practice Model for early learning

The Common Practice Model provides principles, evidence-informed pedagogical approaches and practices to underpin teaching and learning for literacy & communication and maths.

In line with the principles of Te Whāriki, the Common Practice Model (CPM) for early learning emphasises pedagogical approaches and practices that:

  • enhance the mana of children
  • integrate the wider world of family and community, and
  • reflect the holistic and active way children learn through responsive and reciprocal relationships with people, places and things.

Kōwhiti Whakapae online resource

Kōwhiti Whakapae is an online resource that provides the early learning component of the CPM.

Tools and resources for early learning – Kōwhiti Whakapae(external link)

It provides teaching practices and learning progressions in the following areas:

  • social & emotional
  • oral language & literacy
  • maths.

Kōwhiti Whakapae supports kaiako to strengthen learning for all children, notice and recognise children’s current capabilities, and respond to broaden and deepen learning through culturally responsive and inclusive practices at different phases of progression. It supports kaiako to foster children’s growing learner identity and recognise when additional learning supports may be required.

Learning progression

Learning progressions over 4 phases recognise that the expression of capabilities will vary for each child and are not age-based.

Annotated assessment examples illustrate how information in Kōwhiti Whakapae can inform assessment documentation.


Kōwhiti Whakapae is supported by 2 guides.

Kaiako guides

Kaiako guides serve as deeper dives into practice to further support kaiako in teaching and learning in the early years (0-school entry) across the 3 areas. 

Whānau guides

Whānau guides support conversations and collaboration between kaiako and whānau with key messages to enhance learning in the home across the 3 areas.


September 2023

  • Kōwhiti Whakapae online tool and social & emotional content will available.

June 2024

  • Maths content will be available.
  • Oral language & literacy content will be available.

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