Common Practice Model

A system shift is required to address literacy & communication and maths. To achieve this shift the Strategy has identified five interdependent focus areas that need to be supported to equip every learning setting with the tools they need to provide the teaching and learning their ākonga and whānau need.

Common Practice Model

Accessible version of the image above [DOCX, 13 KB].

Details about the Focus Areas and the actions that sit under them can be found in the document Literacy & Communication and Maths Action Plans [PDF, 5.7 MB]

The Common Practice Model (the Model) sits under Focus Area 1. The wider goal of Focus Area 1 is to introduce a common understanding of the critical literacy & communication and maths skills and knowledge that ākonga need.

Why we are developing a Common Practice Model

Through the development of the Strategy we heard that the Ministry needed to provide greater clarity and direction on teaching and learning for literacy & communication and maths. This is the goal of the Common Practice Model.

Prioritising this means kaiako and leaders across early learning and schooling will be better supported in ensuring high-quality literacy & communication and maths teaching and learning experiences to ākonga.  

What is the Common Practice Model?

The Model will outline principles and evidence-informed pedagogical approaches to underpin teaching and learning for literacy & communication and maths within Te Whāriki and The New Zealand Curriculum. It will guide quality-assured teaching and assessment practices and approaches for early learning through to the end of secondary schooling, across Aotearoa New Zealand.

The Model will be embedded into supports and resources, professional learning and development (PLD), and Initial Teacher Education programmes (ITE). It will provide clarity and consistency for kaiako and ākonga, bring rigour to the teaching and learning of literacy & communication and maths, and support equity and excellence for all ākonga.

How the Common Practice Model will be established

The Model will be developed collaboratively, and reflect sector experiences and research findings. As we proceed, there will be a range of opportunities for people to be involved.

From November, we will be bringing together contributors to help us define the principles and the pedagogies of the Model. These contributors will join one of two groups: one that focuses on the literacy & communication aspects of the Model, and one that focuses on maths. The Contributors Groups will help shape the future of education in Aotearoa New Zealand, by outlining the most effective practices for the teaching and learning of those foundational skills. We will continue to update you on this process as it progresses, including details of how you can get involved.

 Common Practice Model development timeline

Term 3 2022

Term 4 2022

Term 1 2023

Term 2 2023

From Term 3 2023

Jul - Sept

Oct - Dec

Jan – Mar

Apr – Jun

From July

Formal process to accept nominations to the CPM Contributors Groups.

Selection of the members of the Contributors Groups.



Contributors Groups to complete the recommended draft Pedagogy.


Contributors Groups to elaborate on the pedagogy with examples and practices.

Principles and pedagogies of the Model finalised, and practices drafted.


Contributors Groups to develop the principles and start to develop the pedagogy.

Engagement with the sector on the draft pedagogies.

Engagement with the sector on the draft pedagogies.



Roadshow with regions to talk about the Model’s principles, pedagogies, and practices.




Pedagogies refined and updated based on engagement and feedback.

Identify school(s) and/or early learning services to pilot components of the Model in 2024 and plan the specifics of the pilot with them over Terms 3 and 4.

We will be providing regular updates - including upcoming involvement opportunities that might interest you and your school - on these pages:

Te Poutāhū Curriculum Centre Early Learning and School Bulletins(external link)

Literacy & Communication and Maths Strategy page.

Process to establish the Common Practice Model Contributors Group

We have followed a formal procurement process to invite nominations to be considered for selection to the Contributors Groups. Our approach was to:

  1. send a Registration of Interest (ROI) to sector organisations and peak bodies to provide them an opportunity to receive access to the Request for Nominations process where they would be able to submit nominated members for consideration for the Common Practice Model Contributors Groups.
  2. Those that responded to the ROI by the 15th September 2022 then received the Request for Nominations details
  3. The Request for Nominations closes at 1pm on 6th October. However, each organisation will have its own internal processes and timeframes to meet the Ministry timeframe.
  4. On receiving all of the nominations the Ministry will review the nominations against pre-determined selection criteria to select up to 12 members to the literacy & communication group and up to 12 members to the maths group. Each group will work together to develop the Common Practice Model for their areas.


Organisations involved in the nominations process

The following organisations have responded to the ROI and can now submit nominations to the Common Practice Model Contributor Groups:

  • AUT School of Education.
  • Canterbury/West Coast RTLit
  • Central East Cluster of RTLit
  • Central West Cluster RTLit
  • Clarity Education
  • Cognition Education
  • CORE Education
  • Digital Equity Coalition Aotearoa (DECA)
  • Dyslexia Evidence Base Community
  • EDconnect
  • Education Consultancy Ltd 
  • Evaluation Associates
  • FocusED LTD
  • ImpactED
  • Inclusive Communication
  • Infinity Learn Ltd
  • Learning Adventures New Zealand Ltd
  • Learning Matters
  • Learning Solutions
  • Lifting Literacy Aotearoa
  • Manaiakalani Education Trust
  • Massey University
  • Massey University Institute of Education
  • Momentum Learning Ltd
  • Montessori Aotearoa New Zealand
  • New Zealand Literacy Association
  • New Zealand Pasifika Principals Association
  • NZ Association of Language Teachers
  • NZ Association of Teachers of English
  • NZ Maths Society
  • NZ Principals' Federation
  • NZ RTLit Association 
  • NZEI
  • Otago University College of Education
  • Otago University Education support Services
  • PPTA
  • RTeach Institute
  • RTLB Cluster 11
  • RTLB cluster 16
  • RTLB cluster 19
  • RTLB Cluster 20
  • RTLB Cluster 22
  • RTLB Cluster 25
  • RTLB Cluster 27
  • RTLB Cluster 30 
  • RTLB Cluster 6 - Central West Auckland
  • RTLB Cluster 4 - North Shore
  • SPELD NZ Inc national office
  • Taimarino Holdings
  • Talking Matters
  • Te Puna Reo o Puhi Kaiti
  • The Education Group
  • Tools4Teachers
  • TTS Auckland
  • University of Auckland
  • University of Canterbury - Teacher Education
  • University of Canterbury-Faculty of Education
  • University of Waikato Division of Education
  • Using Technology Better
  • Victoria University College of Education
  • Vision Education

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Common Practice Model?

  • The Common Practice Model (the Model) is a key part of the Literacy & Communication and Maths Strategy and supporting Action Plans. It will guide kaiako in delivering the best possible teaching, learning, and assessment by making it clear the pedagogies that we know work and supporting the use of those practices across the learning pathway.
  • The Model will underpin Initial Teacher Education and be embedded across the supports and resources, professional learning and development, and additional learning supports provided by Te Poutāhū | The Curriculum Centre.

Does the Common Practice Model cover the entire learning pathway?

  • The Model will support the entire learning pathway from early learning through to the end of secondary school. 

Does the Model align to the refresh of  The New Zealand Curriculum?

  • Work on the Model also connects to work currently taking place to develop draft content for the refreshed mathematics & statistics and English learning areas of The New Zealand Curriculum. The draft progress outcomes for these learning areas are being developed in parallel with the learning progressions which will become part of the Model.
  • The new progressions will link to the literacy & communication and numeracy practices of all learning areas, and will provide greater clarity and detail on the important progress steps that support ākonga towards the progress outcomes for each phase of learning.
  • These progressions will strengthen alignment along the pathway. They will be informed by the work on new practice and progress tools in early learning that support formative assessment and teaching practice, so that ākonga are supported and well-prepared for their pathway into senior secondary and beyond.

Will the changes mean that all kaiako have to teach literacy & communication and maths the same way?

  • Absolutely not. What it does, is give clarity to kaiako about teaching practices we know work, and supports them in delivering those practices to all ākonga.
  • We have trust in our kaiako to know their ākonga, and know what they need. Kaiako will still have the freedom to act on that expertise, but now they’ll be doing it with more support from us regarding practices that could effectively meet the needs of their ākonga.
  • However, we will be very clear about harmful practices that we know don’t work (like streaming) and be supporting schools in moving away from those.

How will kaiako be supported through these changes?

  • We want to make sure that kaiako feel confident in integrating the changes into their practice, so that we have the best possible outcomes for ākonga. This means we’ll be implementing the changes gradually, so that any shift in practice is manageable for kaiako.
  • Early learning services and schools will also be supported in leading the change on a local level, so that all kaiako have access to experts that understand how the actions affect their unique context.
  • Implementation supports (e.g., resources, guidance, tools, and professional learning) will be introduced to support kaiako, leaders, and ākonga.

What difference will the Model make to the ākonga who need more support?

  • We are focused on delivering equity to a system that has historically underserved a great deal of students, including ākonga Māori, Pacific learners, and neurodiverse learners.
  • The Model will consider teaching and learning practices we know work for all ākonga, with a particular focus on those whose needs the current system is not addressing and/or have diverse learning needs.

Do you know what approaches the Common Practice Model will support?

  • That decision cannot be made at this stage. The Model needs to be developed, in collaboration with the education community, before we can confirm any specific approaches or pedagogies.
  • We’re interested in supporting any resources, tools, and products that are proven to be effective in improving learning outcomes for our ākonga.
  • We are committed to supporting the practices that we know work, and we base those decisions on what we hear from kaiako and other sector experts, as well as research and data.

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