Common Practice Model for schools

The Common Practice Model (CPM) outlines principles, evidence-informed pedagogical approaches and practices to underpin teaching and learning for literacy & communication and maths within Te Mātaiaho | the refreshed New Zealand curriculum.

The CPM guides quality-assured teaching and assessment practices and approaches for schooling across Aotearoa New Zealand. 

Teacher-only day supports

We have developed a range of resources, including videos and illustrations, to help schools understand the CPM. 

Common Practice Model resources 

For the teacher-only day in 2023, we also encourage school leaders to become familiar with the main ideas from the book 'Leading to the North-East' by Emeritus Professor Russell Bishop. These ideas will be useful for schools beginning to think about how to use the CPM.


A video featuring Russell Bishop can be viewed on Common Practice Model resources.

Common Practice Model resources 


2 podcasts with Russell Bishop are also available. The podcasts discus the concept of implementing the CPM with fidelity.

Implementing the CPM with fidelity (Part 1) – Education Gazette(external link)

Implementing the CPM with fidelity (Part 2) – Education Gazette(external link)

Slide decks

Below are slide decks and suggestions for activities that schools may wish to do as part of teacher-only day.

Activity 1: Beginning to engage with the Common Practice Model

TOD Activity 1 facilitation slides [PPTX, 8.6 MB]

Teacher-only day activity 1 facilitation guide [DOCX, 39 KB]

Activity 2: Leading change

TOD Activity 2 facilitation slides [PPTX, 9.5 MB]

Teacher-only day activity 2 facilitation guide [DOCX, 41 KB]

Te Mātaiaho | the refreshed New Zealand Curriculum

Te Mātaiaho | the refreshed New Zealand Curriculum sets out what is taught Years 0 to 13 across 8 learning areas, including English and mathematics and statistics, and how to teach it.

Refreshing the New Zealand Curriculum – Te Poutāhū(external link)

Te Mātaiaho embeds literacy and numeracy in every learning area across all phases of learning, so that students continually develop and use these skills.

It uses progress outcomes, which show literacy and numeracy as part of the practices of each learning area, and progress steps, which address critical aspects of literacy and numeracy which need to be addressed at particular points in the early years of schooling. This allows teachers to notice, recognise and respond to student progress early and with urgency.   

Literacy and numeracy are most strongly present in the refreshed mathematics and statistics and English learning areas, which will both be required teaching in schools from the beginning of 2025 and strongly encouraged to be implemented from 2024. 

The refreshed curriculum replaces the existing curriculum levels and achievement objectives, the reading, writing and mathematics learning progression frameworks, and literacy learning progressions with a single source for literacy and numeracy teaching.

The CPM focuses on how literacy, communication and maths is taught, supporting students with their progress across the curriculum.

Draft principles and pedagogical approaches

Released in March 2023, the first draft of the CPM describes the draft principles and evidence-informed pedagogical approaches that support teaching and learning in literacy, communication and in maths. 

This draft version was released to provide the opportunity for the sector to become familiar with the intent and direction of the CPM, to start to reflect on current practices, and to provide feedback

Common Practice Model phase 1: Principles and pedagogical approaches [PDF, 9.9 MB]

What is in the Common Practice Model?

The Common Practice Model will be released later in 2023 and will build on the draft version released in March 2023.

It will contain refined pedagogical approaches based on feedback from the sector. It will also contain the practices that support each of the pedagogical approaches and the phase-by-phase teaching and learning guidance.

This phase-by-phase guidance aligns to the learning phases of Te Mātaiaho and the literacy and numeracy progress steps. The intent is to support teachers to utilise the CPM in the context of the refreshed curriculum in the classroom with students.

We will provide the resources, supports and tools on this website by the end of 2023 to enable school leaders and teachers to use the CPM in the teaching and learning of literacy, communication and maths. 

Common Practice Model catalogue of resources

Download a list of the resources that will be available for schools to support implementation of the Common Practice Model and information about when these will be available.

Common Practice Model catalogue of resources [PDF, 145 KB]

cpm resource catalogue

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