Licensing criteria for centre-based ECE services
The Education Act 1989 S310 defines an early childhood education and care centre as premises used regularly for the education or care of 3 or more children (not being children of the persons providing the education or care, or children enrolled at a school being provided with education or care before or after school) under the age of 6—
- by the day or part of a day; but
- not for any continuous period of more than 7 days.
Centre-based ECE services have a variety of different operating structures, philosophies and affiliations, and are known by many different names – for example, Playcentres, early learning centres, Montessori, childcare centres, Kindergartens, crèches, preschools, a’oga amata, Rudolf Steiner etc.
These centres are licensed in accordance with the Education Act 1989 under the Education (Early Childhood Services) Regulations 2008, which prescribe minimum standards that each licensed service must meet. Licensing criteria are used to assess how the centres meet the minimum standards required by the regulations.
For each criterion there is guidance to help centres meet the required standards.
The publication of the criteria on its own can be downloaded as a PDF [PDF, 719 KB] and printed.
The licensing criteria were last updated in May 2016.
Licensing Criteria Cover
HS1 Premises and contents are safe and hygienic
Health and safety practices criterion 1
§ Premises, furniture, furnishings, fittings, equipment, and materials are kept safe, hygienic and maintained in good condition.
The criterion aims to uphold the health and safety of children.
Any examples in the guidance are provided as a starting point to show how services can meet (or exceed) the requirement. Services may choose to use other approaches better suited to their needs as long as they comply with the criteria.
Equipment should be safe and suitable for its purpose and the age of children using it.
Any furnishing or fittings not fit for purpose should be removed from play areas until remedial action can be taken. Items can then be repaired or replaced as soon as possible.
Hard surfaces should be kept clean and equipment or toys should be kept hygienic. Toys and materials that children put in their mouths should be cleaned at the end of each day with hot soapy water or put in the washing machine/dishwasher depending on the toy.
Nappy changing areas should be cleaned and disinfected after every nappy change.
More information can be found in the resource Nga Kupu Oranga: A health and safety resource for early childhood services.
Bleach as a Disinfectant
Regional Public Health recommends ECE Centres use bleach as a disinfectant as recent outbreaks of diseases caused by miro-organisms (germs) such as giardia, cryptosporidium and salmonella. Many of these germs are resistant to most disinfectants.
Bleaches contain sodium hypochlorite, the chemical which kills bacteria and viruses. The Ministry of Health recommends that ECE services will need to use a disinfectant that has at least 2% hypochlorite. Supermarket bleach is labelled between 2-5% sodium hypochlorite.
A bleach solution should be used to disinfect the nappy changing area, toilets and sinks. To work properly the solution needs to:
- Be used on a surface free of dirt/organic material
- Be a strong enough concentration i.e. 0.1% (see table below). If there is visible contamination, then use a stronger 1:10 solution.
- Have enough time to kill the bugs (ideally 30 minutes contact time)
The solution should be disposed of at the end of the day. Made up chlorine solutions are often kept in spray bottles – the bottle needs to be cleaned daily as dirty hands touch it.
How to make up a 0.1% bleach solution
Strength on bottle Bleach (ml) Water (ml) Total (ml) 1% 100 900 1000 2% 50 950 1000 3% 33 967 1000 4% 25 975 1000 5% 20 980 1000
‘Eco’ or ‘natural’ cleaners
There has been an increased interest in the use of ‘green’, ‘eco’, ‘organic’ or ‘natural’ cleaning products in ECE settings. Be aware that many of these products are suitable only for ‘cleaning’ surfaces by removing dirt, grease and grime, and not for ‘disinfecting’ surfaces to kill disease causing germs.