Ka Ora, Ka Ako | healthy school lunches programme
The Ka Ora, Ka Ako | healthy school lunches programme aims to reduce food insecurity by providing access to a nutritious lunch in school every day. By March 2021, over eight million lunches have been served in 542 schools to over 132,600 learners.
Around one in five children in New Zealand live in households that struggle to put enough good-quality food on the table. In communities facing greater socio-economic barriers, 40% of parents run out of food sometimes or often.
- About Ka Ora, Ka Ako
- Schools and kura taking part
- List of schools and kura participating in Ka Ora, Ka Ako (March 2021)
- Nutrition and safety
- Child and Youth Wellbeing Strategy
Ka Ora, Ka Ako aims to reduce food insecurity by providing access to a nutritious lunch every day. The name Ka Ora, Ka Ako is about being healthy and well in order to be in a good place to learn.
Research indicates that reducing food insecurity for children and young people:
- improves wellbeing
- supports child development and learning
- improves learners’ levels of concentration, behaviour and school achievement
- reduces financial hardship amongst families and whānau
- addresses barriers to children’s participation in education and promotes attendance at school
- boosts learners’ overall health.
In 2019, the Government announced a two-year initiative to explore delivering a free and healthy daily school lunch to Year 1–8 (primary and intermediate aged) students in schools with high levels of disadvantage.
Around 10,000 learners in 42 schools across Bay of Plenty/Waiariki and Hawke’s Bay/Tairāwhiti were the first to get a free school lunch in Term 1 2020. Over 3,000 students in 18 schools and kura across Otago and Southland joined Ka Ora, Ka Ako in Terms 2 and 3. Another 51 schools in Bay of Plenty/Waiariki and Hawke’s Bay/Tairāwhiti began delivering lunches in Term 4 2020.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Ka Ora, Ka Ako is being expanded to reach around 215,000 students by the end of 2021, including secondary students. This aims to cushion the blow of COVID-19 impacts on students living in households which may now be experiencing heightened financial stress, job and income losses that can interfere with learning and wellbeing.
This first roll-out of the expansion saw another 70 schools and kura in Bay of Plenty/Waiariki and Hawke’s Bay/Tairāwhiti join the 51 already providing lunches in Term 4. These schools took advantage of established processes to quickly start the lunches programme. Across the rest of the country, an additional 322 schools began providing lunches to around 88,000 learners from the start of Term 1, February 2021.
By the end of 2021, 963 schools and kura will receive lunches for around 25 percent of students.
Expanding the programme is also expected to support job creation and economic recovery from the pandemic. Some 942 jobs have already been generated and it is estimated that around 2,000 jobs will be created by the end of 2021.
Providing a lunch to all students in participating schools will make sure that everyone who needs a free lunch gets one and will minimise any stigma that sometimes comes with receiving free meals. Programmes that target on the basis of individual need also require a process to confirm eligibility. This can add costs and complexity and discourage eligible families from taking part, meaning some children needing lunch will miss out.
Schools and communities are best placed to understand what their children need. Schools can decide whether to make their own lunches or outsource to an external supplier.
Externals suppliers are selected through a tender process via the Government Electronic Tender Service (GETS)(external link) platform. Schools and kura choose from a panel of approved suppliers that have met minimum standards of food hygiene, waste management and food preparation. This will simplify the procurement process for schools.
There are a range of supplier models depending on what works best for each school, for example a single supplier, a mix of suppliers, or one larger supplier provides lunches to a group of schools and kura.
The Ministry is supporting schools with contractual documentation and providing guidance and advice to schools if required.
Craig McFadyen, principal of Ngongotaha School shared his experience with the lunch in schools programme in Ministry Bulletin for School Leaders | He Pitopito Kōrero, COVID-19 update 21 September(external link)
Ka Ora, Ka Ako is offered to schools and kura with students that fall within the highest 25 percent of socio-economic disadvantage nationally and where students face the greatest barriers that can affect access to education, wellbeing and achievement.
A range of factors are considered when selecting schools and kura to take part. The main tool used to determine the socio-economic barriers present in a school’s community is the Ministry of Education Equity Index. This looks at a full basket of factors in a child’s life, not any one factor, to understand the socioeconomic barriers present in a school’s community. For example, family circumstances, income, number of home and school changes, and more. School deciles are not used as a measure of need.
|region||number of schools and kura||total school roll (July 2020)|
|Bay of Plenty, Waiariki||104||22,333|
|Hawke's Bay, Tairawhiti||97||18,570|
|Taranaki, Whanganui, Manawatu||98||18,637|
It is important that lunches are healthy and nutritious. We have worked closely with the Ministry of Health, nutrition, and health experts to establish nutrition guidelines for Ka Ora, Ka Ako [PDF, 840 KB], based on the Ministry of Health’s food and drink guidance for schools(external link). This includes offering foods from the four main food groups - vegetables and fruit, breads and cereals, milk and milk products, and lean meat, chicken, seafood, eggs, legumes, nuts and seeds.
There is no set lunch menu for the programme. Schools and suppliers decide what works best for them. What is included in lunches will depend on a number of factors such as the chosen supplier, available catering facilities, the number of students, and a school’s distance from the chosen supplier. A typical weekly menu includes a variety of lunches such as wraps, vegetable sticks, dips, salads, soups, and hot lunches. Menus may also change from term to term to reflect available fresh produce and the season, and any feedback from schools and students.
We know that children’s tastes vary. It can be challenging to provide healthy food that children want to eat and getting children to enjoy new foods can take time. We work with schools [PDF, 489 KB] and suppliers [PDF, 330 KB] on how they can gradually introduce new foods, encourage learners as they learn to enjoy healthy food, and adapt menus to make lunches healthier.
For schools that make their own lunches, staff preparing food must comply with Food Act 2014 and be aware of allergies and allergens. We have worked with the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) to provide a food safety plan and can help organise training to assist schools providing their own lunches. For schools that outsource to external suppliers, contracts include requirements to meet nutritional guidelines and health and safety standards.
Schools are also encouraged to move towards a zero-waste policy, reduce food wastage, and minimise the use of plastic single-use items.
Lunches are provided at a maximum ‘per child, per day’ cost of $5 for students in Years 1–8, and $7 for students in Years 9+ to reflect the larger portion size required for older students. This excludes GST. Information from existing commercial and charitable lunch programmes in New Zealand schools and kura, and overseas examples of school food programmes indicate this is a reasonable cost for a nutritious lunch. The exact figure set aside per child per day will depend on the how each school decides to deliver school lunches. Funds for each term will be adjusted to take account of changes to school rolls.
Selected schools and kura in three regions – Hawke’s Bay/Tairāwhiti, Bay of Plenty/Waiariki and Otago/Southland – are taking part in an evaluation of the programme so that any future decisions are evidence-based.
Evaluation of the programme began in Term 1 2020. There are two phases of evaluation:
- the operation and delivery of the programme
- the difference it makes for learners and the impact on food security, wellbeing and attendance.
Evaluation includes gathering feedback from schools and suppliers, including asking:
- if nutritious food is available every day of sufficient quality, quantity and variety, and is appealing to learners
- if different implementation models provide better value for money for our schools
- if local capacity can sustain delivery of the pilot programme.
We also talk to learners about the food they eat, how full they feel, and how it makes them feel about coming to school.
The programme is part of the Government’s Child Youth and Wellbeing Strategy. Children and Young People have what they need is one of the key outcomes. Providing food to children at school is one-way government can directly address poverty and food insecurity, and positively impact children’s wellbeing.
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