Refreshing The New Zealand Curriculum
'The New Zealand Curriculum' is being refreshed to make sure every child experiences success in their learning, and that their progress and achievement is responded to and celebrated.
To create this future, the goals for 'The New Zealand Curriculum' refresh and for teaching and learning are to:
- Honour our mutual obligations to and through Te Tiriti o Waitangi
- Create curriculum that is inclusive so that all ākonga see themselves, and succeed in their learning
- Make sure 'The New Zealand Curriculum' is clear about the learning that matters
- Make sure 'The New Zealand Curriculum' is easy to use for teachers.
The refresh will be phased from now until the end of 2025, to help make it more manageable for schools to implement the refreshed curriculum. Schools, ākonga and whānau will be supported through the change.
Due to the current context of COVID-19 there have been updates to the refresh timeline. Find out more about the timeline reset and what it means for the refresh of 'The New Zealand Curriculum' at Schools, kura and early learning given space to build back from COVID-19 - beehive.govt.nz(external link)
Why we’re refreshing 'The New Zealand Curriculum'
Watch the video to find out why we’re refreshing 'The New Zealand Curriculum', and the changes you can expect to see.
- What's happening and when
- Understand, Know Do framing and progression model
- How the refresh will support other changes in education
- Who we are working with
- More information and how to get involved
- Information for whānau
During 2021–2025, 'The New Zealand Curriculum' will be refreshed in a phased approach. We’ll make sure our teachers and leaders have the supports they need to successfully implement the updated curriculum.
Snapshot of what’s changing
(current 2007 New Zealand Curriculum)
(all parts of 'The New Zealand Curriculum' will updated to reflect the goals of the refresh)
|Vision for Young People, purpose, and principles||The vision, purpose, principles and will provide a call to action to design responsive local curriculum – to support all ākonga to succeed in their learning.|
|Learning area statements describe the knowledge and skills that are important to each of the eight learning areas, but they are not consistent or clear about the learning that must be covered.||All learning areas will be refreshed and made clear about the learning that matters in a consistent ‘Understand, Know, Do’ framing. This will support schools to design local curriculum and make it easier to integrate learning from across the curriculum.|
|Learning area statements are not clear how they support the development of Mātauranga Māori, key competencies, literacy, and numeracy.||Knowledge derived from Te Ao Māori will sit at the heart of each learning area, along with other knowledge-systems that reflect the cultural uniqueness of Aotearoa New Zealand. Each learning area will contain and be explicit about how it contributes to ākonga development of key competencies, literacy, and numeracy – meaning teachers can focus on teaching, learning and progress for every child.|
|The curriculum levels are not clear on progression. Each Learning Area has Achievement Objectives but these are not clear on showing progress, are inconsistent in their size and importance, and are therefore difficult to use when designing local curriculum that support ākonga progression.||Curriculum levels will be redefined as progressions, and progress outcomes will replace Achievement Objectives. Progression will be shown as five phases of learning. Each Learning Area will have one progress outcome per phase so that it is easy to see the next focus.|
|The guidance section (this includes ‘The School Curriculum Design and Review, Effective Pedagogy) is based on 2007 known best-practice.||The guidance will be updated to reflect the goals of The New Zealand Curriculum refresh, using latest evidence, research, and emerging best practice.|
|Teachers and kaiako use a range of methods to understand, respond to, and provide feedback on each students’ progress and achievement across the curriculum. Schools and kura have flexibility around assessment practices and discretion on the assessment tools they use. The Ministry provides a range of supports for this.||To better support learner’s progress and achievement, digital Records of Learning (RoL) for all ākonga are being developed in line with the refresh. These records of learning will be collaboratively generated by ākonga, whānau and teachers. RoL will support teachers more easily respond to the learning needs of young people, recognising their unique identities, aspirations, and achievements. Ongoing focus will be to strengthen assessment tools. The current PLD priority of assessment for learning to support practice will continue.|
Learning areas will be refreshed, starting with the inclusion of the new Aotearoa New Zealand’s histories content within the refreshed Social Sciences learning area, ready for schools to use in 2022. English, Mathematics and Statistics will be refreshed in 2022. Science, Technology and The Arts will be refreshed in 2023, then Health and Physical Education and Learning Languages in 2024.
The refreshed curriculum will support the right of all ākonga, including those with disabilities and learning support needs, to experience rich and responsive learning.
All other parts of 'The New Zealand Curriculum' will be refreshed and tested in 2022, including a refreshed Vision for Young People. Mātauranga Māori grounded in te ao Māori, and te reo Māori me ōna tikanga, alongside other knowledge systems that reflect the cultural uniqueness of New Zealand, will be woven throughout. This will uphold our commitment to Te Tiriti o Waitangi and help all ākonga to feel valued and see themselves in their learning.
Each refreshed learning area will be explicit in how it contributes to the development of key competencies, literacy and numeracy for learners. They will also include their own purpose statement, link to the updated Vision for Young People, outline the learning that matters (Understand, Know, Do) and what progress in that learning looks like. It will provide teachers and kaiako with clear actions, and help them actively design their local curriculum or marau ā-kura to support all ākonga to succeed in their learning.
The guidance section (which includes ‘The School Curriculum Design and Review, Effective Pedagogy’) will be updated to reflect the goals of the refresh, using the latest evidence, research and emerging best practice.
As part of the draft Aotearoa New Zealand’s histories curriculum content, we developed a new learning area structure: “Understand, Know, Do” and have used a progressions model instead of curriculum levels. This ensures that for all ākonga the learning that matters, and how it contributes to the Vision for Young People, is clearly outlined.
The Understand, Know, Do framing and progression model will be used for refreshing all learning areas.
Each thread of the Understand, Know, Do framework illustrated above has a separate focus. Teachers design learning experiences that weave these elements together so that student learning is deep and meaningful, creating the learning that matters.
You can read an article about the Understand, Know, Do framing in action at Sylvia Park School, and listen to a podcast by principal Barbara Ala’alatoa.
The progression model is the structure used to show progress in the Aotearoa New Zealand’s histories content. We have redefined the current curriculum levels as phases of learning in a progression model.
The progressions model ‘chunks’ the learning so that the progress described in 'The New Zealand Curriculum' is easily seen, and teachers and kaiako have the clarity required to design local-curriculum or marau ā-kura to support the progress of ākonga. The progressions model covers five phases of learning throughout schooling – years 1-3, years 4-6, years 7-8, years 9-10 and years 11-13. Each phase of learning will be supported by resources, including exemplification to show what progress outcomes look like in practice.
The progressions model gives clarity about the direction of learning and the key outcomes that matter across the phases, enabling teachers and kaiako, ākonga and whānau to know what is important through the progression.
The draft curriculum content for Aotearoa New Zealand’s histories shows what changes to 'The New Zealand Curriculum' might look like, including the Understand, Know, Do framing and and progressions model.
Rolling out tools, resources and supports for teachers
It’s essential that we make sure teachers have the right tools, support and guidance, and know how to shift curriculum practice to support all ākonga to succeed.
There are a range of initiatives to support teaching and learning in this refresh. They include:
- An Online Curriculum hub will replace Te Kete Ipurangi (TKI) for English medium, and we’re improving Kauwhata Reo for Māori medium. The refreshed curriculum, alongside new resources for teaching and learning, will be located on the hub. The new hub and other resources will help support boards, teachers and kaiako make sense of the new curriculum and progress models, what learning matters, and how to teach it. It will combine resources from early childhood to senior levels, spanning the entire national curriculum. It also answers the call for a centralised platform with faster, easier access to up-to-date and fit-for-purpose tools, quality curriculum content and support, to deliver more equitable and excellent outcomes for learners.
- Records of Learning for 'The New Zealand Curriculum' will help learners, parents, whānau, teachers and boards of trustees to understand each learner’s progress, strengths, and needs. They will also help teachers more easily respond to the learning needs of young people. They will recognise students’ unique identities, reflect their aspirations, and celebrate their achievements. Records of Learning will be collaboratively generated by ākonga, whānau and teachers. The development of the Record of Learning has been aligned to the refresh of 'The New Zealand Curriculum', with the first release planned for 2024.
- Curriculum Leads are the Ministry’s frontline introduced in May 2021, and are now available to support leaders and teachers in the use of the national curriculum and to design their marau ā-kura and local curriculum.
- Tau Mai Te Reo, the Māori Language in Education strategy, provides more clarity for teachers in the teaching of te reo Māori. See Tau Mai Te Reo, the Māori Language in Education Strategy.
- Te Ahu o te Reo Māori, is a programme that encourages the education workforce to grow their confidence in using te reo and integrating it into the learning of all ākonga and students. See Te Ahu o te Reo Māori 2021.
- Literacy and mathematics, key strategic shifts to strengthen the teaching of literacy and mathematics for ākonga are needed, read more about the draft strategies in development at Literacy and Maths strategy development in 2021.
- Capability building supports, such as new resources, webinars, training modules and tools, leadership guidance, and sets of teaching and learning materials for teachers to help them design rich and meaningful marau ā-kura and local curriculum for all learners to will be created throughout the refresh to support teaching and learning.
- New priorities for regionally-allocated professional learning development, implemented in 2020, to support teachers to provide responsive and rich learning experiences for all ākonga are available. Read the priorities for regionally-allocated PLD.(external link)
- Strengthened Networks of Expertise will provide vital support for teachers and leaders. Collaborative inquiry is one of the most powerful ways to influence change and practices that best support teaching and learning. Positive change can come about for individual learners, their communities and at a system level. Read about Networks of Expertise.(external link)
From 2021, as part of the Revised Education Act, school boards are required to have plans, policies and local curriculum that reflect local tikanga, mātauranga Māori and te ao Māori.
The work we are doing to refresh 'The New Zealand Curriculum' and support its implementation will help schools to meet this requirement and the requirements of the National Education and Learning Priorities (NELP).
Since 2019, when Minister Hipkins first signalled the need for change, the Ministry has been working with people from the education sector and wider communities to understand how to make improvements to the national curriculum that will ensure our students succeed. We will draw on this knowledge as well as other expertise to co-design curriculum content at all stages of the refresh and our wider curriculum work programme.
From now until 2021 we will be collaborating with a number of groups to work with us on this curriculum change.
If you have questions or comments about refreshing 'The New Zealand Curriculum', want to get involved or be updated on opportunities to have a say, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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